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chinese garden design principles

by on oktober 24, 2020

The art of Chinese garden design began in imperial parks during the Shang Dynasty, around 3,000 years ago. Rocks, water and plants balance in the same way that mountains, oceans and forests balance. Texture, pattern, and rhythm add layers of richness and interest to a garden. During that period, Chinese kings and nobilities began the practice of developing forests and woods for the specific purpose of hunting. Punctuation is another form of focal points. A few “workhorse plants” used generously establish abundance without excess. According to Feng Shui principles, enhancing the chi in a Life Sector in your garden increases abundance in that area of your life. However, the beauty of Feng Shui is that you can apply it and benefit from it, even if you’re a bit skeptical. Use no more than one color theme for each garden room. By following some guidelines, you can plan a garden that not only feels friendly and welcoming, but that actually brings abundance into your life. 12 Principles of Garden Design September 18, 2017 These universal principles have become the set of tools I use to create gardens that embody all the key elements of the world’s greatest landscapes but are scaled to each individual’s site, taste and budget. Enclosures set the stage for a variety of moods and experiences. So if your oddly shaped garden is missing the Wealth sector, or what would be your Wealth sector is actually in the neighbor’s backyard, you may find yourself losing money or just having “bad luck” — things don’t go your way. In other words, you have to get rid of barriers to chi, and you need to use Feng Shui fixes (called cures) to raise the chi in areas where it may get trapped and stagnate. The history of Chinese garden architecture can be traced back to the Shang and Zhou dynasties (16th century BC - 221 BC). Specific spirits were also believed to live in wild and sacred areas, and the spirits of the ancestors were believed to play an active role in day-to-day life. 1. Some larger tea gardens are separated into an outer garden with mainly deciduous plants, and an inner garden of evergreen plants, symbolizing everlasting life. Repeated objects placed closely together tend to quicken the rhythm and the same objects spaced farther apart slow it down. This huge expanse of manmade lakes and mountain ranges is considered the pinacle of Chinese garden design and was the principal example which influenced the European conception of the Chinese garden. So if you need a little more love in your life, make sure the Relationships sector gets the attention it needs. For example, soft and hard or light and dark are qualities that complement each other. Many elements of the traditional tea garden have become popularized in Japan as well as in America, and tea garden style landscaping, having no relation to the tea ceremony, can be found around homes and shops in many places. In that same spirit, my 12 principles of design are a “bird-by-bird” method of tackling the project of designing a garden. According to the early Chinese, energy flowed, and flowed in specific ways, whether one is looking at the body or the cosmos or the landscape. This life energy, called chi, brings abundance and blessings into your environment and your life. Another important Chinese concept is that of the macrocosm and microcosm. The goal of framing a view is to draw attention to an object or scene. Enclosures are vital elements in defining gardens as rooms. These sought to communicate special significance and serve as a place of contemplation (the temple gardens of the monks and private gardens of the Samurai being the best examples), but many of the gardens in Japan were simply designed for pleasure. Common architectural features included stone bridges, small wooden shrines with the classical Chinese flared roof, flat and arched wooden bridges, and the moon gate. The modern approach to Feng Shui used in this article is called Black Hat sect, and it combines traditional Feng Shui beliefs with Western approaches. These rules and guidelines help me to tackle something so abstract as good design. The cadence created when three or more objects are equally spaced in an obvious pattern implies rhythm, order, and dependability. (845) 657 - 0324 * FernCreek Design * You can also use cures to solve the problems that arise when chi moves too quickly through your garden. A green framework holds the garden together and serves as a background for other colors. How to Tell Whether Your Vehicle Needs a Tune-up. Plants growing in a large drift or colonies appear more spontaneous and natural. Time – Various garden styles representing certain ages of design. To the early Chinese, rocks, mountains, trees, cloud, and wind were all endowed with spirit, which to them was a type of energy that flowed through all elements of the universe. Entrances serve as preludes to what lies beyond. Yin-yang is based on a concept of the universe as containing complementary opposites — qualities that seem to be in contrast to each other but that actually work together. Special irregular rocks, hollowed and carved by water were highly valued and given special prominance in the garden. Learn how to create one of these gardens in this article. Figure 1: The Bagua is your garden’s roadmap. Contrasting surface characteristics of plants and materials heighten the visual impact in garden rooms. Feeling frustrated and overwhelmed, he is uncertain how to begin. Common natural features included ponds with carp and ducks, rocks, pines, bamboo, flowering plum trees, magnolias, ginkgos, maples, willows, banana trees, flowering camellia shrubs, chrysanthemums, peonies, climbing roses, jasmine, osmanthus, lotus, and bonsai trees, which originated first in China. Along the way one may encounter a stone bench (Machiai) for sitting and relaxing before the ceremony starts, a bamboo grove, stone lanterns to light the way, and a stone water basin (Tsukabai) with a wooden dipper for washing. Broad sweeps of color are more effective than dabs and patches. The tea house itself is, of course, in the Japanese architectural style of wooden beams, paper pannels, bamboo slats, a flat wooden tile roof, or flared ceramic tile roof, or possibly a thatched roof. So when you’re designing according to the principles of Feng Shui, you’re really encouraging the chi to flow into and throughout your space (not to mention your life). “Bird-by-bird, Buddy. Chinese Gardening: A Very Involved Process. The persuits of the scholar - poetry, calligraphy, philosophy - were considered to be the hallmarks of proper nobility, and the garden provided the perfect setting for their practice, and so became a sign of social status. Entry – A defined point of entrance into a garden enclosure, 5. Most people have a general idea of what a Japanese garden looks like, but most poeple don't realize that there are actually several distinct styles of Japanese garden. Mystery heightens the imagination of visitors, setting up the anticipation of surprise. By and large, most Japanese don't consider Zen or any religion when appreciating gardens, and enjoy them the same way we do - for their beauty. The Bagua, which is shaped like an octagon, has nine Life Sectors that correspond with aspects of your own life as shown in Figure 1. Click here for more. Filled with Chinese plants and framed by exquisite architecture, the landscape is enriched with references to literature and art. In garden design, it meant that Buddhist shrines came to have a place in the landscape, and became a feature of the Chinese garden. Yin-yang is the idea that life energy can have a passive and an active side. All the Life Sectors should be present in your garden. Entries should be a part of each garden room. There were also numerous smaller backyard "scholar's gardens" at the time, a number of which still exist. Interactive Tutorial, http://www.phototravels.net/kyoto/zen-gardens-index.html, http://www.phototravels.net/japan/photo-gallery/fall-in-kyoto.html, http://learn.bowdoin.edu/japanesegardens/gardens/intro/index.html, http://www.orientalarchitecture.com/japan/kyoto/ginkakuji.php, http://www.danhagerman.com/JapanPhoto.htm. This included the theory of the five elements, Yin and Yang, and Tai Chi (for which the martial art was later named). Chi moving too quickly doesn’t do you (or your garden) any good, and can actually help create an unpleasant environment that’s agitated instead of relaxed. Mystery in a garden uses the unknown, the unseen, and the imagination as elements of design. Views inside or outside the garden room may be framed. The inside of the house may be adorned with a few pieces of calligraphy or brushed artwork. Repeating motifs create a feeling of continuum within a garden room and give harmony to the design. The elements work together to create a harmonious, welcoming space. Framing the View – Directing attention to an object or view by screening out surrounding distractions while creating a visually balanced and organized composition, 4. Color – Orchestrating the color palette in the garden through the selection and arrangement of plants and objects, 8. Be the first to have exclusive content and access to our events, P. Allen Smith Fine Gardens & Landscapes (external site), Oliver-Smith Community Conservation Design + Development (external site), Allen's Heritage Poultry Conservancy (external site), Allen's TEDx--Saving a Hungry Planet (external site), Allen's Learn + Grow Corner of the Internet, Allen's Go-To Plant Provider -- Gilbert H. Wild & Son (external site), Allen's #PlantForVictory - Hope & Wellbeing during COVID-19 Project, Weddings at Moss Mountain Farm (external site), Help Your Plants Survive the Cold with Crescent Containers, P. Allen Smith Fine Garden and Landscape Design, P. Allen Smith Conservation Community Design + Development. And paying attention to aesthetics, function, and design as you plan your garden makes your space more appealing and welcoming. When woven into the plan of the garden, they are unifying components that magically transform the space into a place of enchantment and beauty. For instance, if you’re not sure raising the chi in your environment can mean a corresponding improvement in your life, at least you’ll agree that keeping the clutter down makes your garden more attractive. The Taoists (pronounced "Daoists") developed an extensive theory of how all things related to and balanced eachother. Growing conditions of gardens may influence color schemes. The arrangement of shapes in relation to one another defines certain styles. This is especially applied in regards to the human body, a room, a city, or the garden. You need to keep passive and active energy (yin/yang) in balance, so that your garden doesn’t make people frantic or put them to sleep. Certain key elements serve as components of an entrance. The first six focus on building the framework or bones of the garden. The overriding feature of the palace gardens and the scholar gardens was the creation of small peaceful spaces, conductive to study and relaxation, created in harmony with nature. Serendipity can also serve as a form of whimsy. Whimsy – Elements of lighthearted fancy, 11. Therefore, all that is done in the Japanese garden is to be in harmony with its natural surroundings. Enclosures anchor a garden to its location, giving both the house and the garden a sense of permanence and lasting beauty. In traditional Chinese beliefs, wind and water are the source of all life energy. Visitors can find both physical relaxation and mental stimulation when exploring the dramatic 15-acre Shape and Form – The contour and three-dimensional qualities of individual plants or groups of plants in the garden, as well as the outline of a garden room itself, 3. 7. Serving the Catskills, Shawangunks, and Hudson Valley including Ulster County, Dutchess County, Kingston, New Paltz, Woodstock, Saugerties, Phonecia, Wawarsing, Accord, Marbletown, Naponach, High Falls, Rosendale, Stone Ridge, Tillson, Gardiner, Hurley, Shokan, Rhinebeck, Rondout, Port Ewen, Hillside, Lincoln Park, Connelly, Eddyville, Bloomington, Esopus, Pine Bush, Boiceville, Olivebridge, Krumville, and surroundng areas.

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